Fast-moving approximation of the future, the magazine "Delovaya Rossiya", October 2010

At the International Conference on Nanotechnology, held on the basis of the SPbSPU, Russian scientists have concurred that the use of nanotechnology can change people's lives completely: the fact what until recently was considered a fantasy, in the nearest   future can be transferred into reality.



The main task of the forum was to present and discuss the latest scientific results of basic research and practical advances in nanotechnology of functional materials. "This is quite different possibilities of technological development of the society – said, opening the conference, Vice-Rector   for scientific work of the SPbSPU, RAS Corresponding Member Andrey Rudskoy – Therefore, in the results of these research and development are interested not only science but also,   mainly, the various branches of industrial production."


The conference "Nanotechnology of Functional Materials" was attended by 325 representatives of 120 scientific and industrial organizations from all regions of Russia. At the thematic sections have been discussed various problems: physical and chemical properties of nanostructured state of materials; application of nanostructured powders, composite and ceramic materials and coatings; of amorphous, nanocrystalline metallic materials. All speeches at the conference caused a great interest of its members. A number of plenary sessions gave rise to discussion.


Mikhail Kovalchuk, the Director of the Russian Scientific Center “Kurchatov Institute”, opened the round table devoted to the development of national nanotechnologyThe report "Nanoscience, nanotechnology and nanoindustry" of the RAS Academician Yury TRETYAKOV became one of the most discussed. According to the scientist,  nanorevolution is inevitable, the only question is which way it goes in our country and how to avoid repeating the sad fate of cybernetics in the Soviet Union. "In the future nanoproducts are able to provide a vast savings in energy and raw materials, comfortable environment for people, not to mention the fantastic opportunities associated with the development of nanomedicine and nanopharmacology, nanoelectronics and nanosensory. However, all of them are very high-tech and costly industries in which the path from idea to its implementation in the production is extremely complicated. As was noted by the speaker, while the West invest investments in nanotechnology steadily grew, our science has lost an entire decade, during which the experience could have be accumulated. Still today in Russia the research aimed at creating revolutionary technologies are manifestly insufficient.



The report of the President – the scientific advisor to Federal State Unitary Enterprise of the Central Research Institute of Construction Materials "Prometheus", RAS Academician Igor GORYNIN – "Nanostructured materials – cutting-edge ­area in the development of metallurgy" has attracted increased attention even before it was heard in public.


"With the help of nanotechnology – explained the speaker in his report – in metallurgy can be produced an innovative product, which would have combined the previously inconsistent performance of viscosity and strength of metal. Such technology has been already introduced at the Izhora plant, which supplies its products to the construction of highways in Eastern Siberia."


The range of themes of the report "Convergence of Science and Technology – the base of the new technological order" of the RAS Corresponding Member, Director of the Russian Scientific Center “Kurchatov Institute” (Moscow), Mikhail KOVALCHUK, was very broad: from a personal point of view of the scientist at the current state of science to the appeal to young people – do not be afraid of their own "crazy" ideas that may be of scientific foresight. "Today the main purpose of science is the penetration of the microworld, – said the scientist – and the basic paradigm of development is the transition from analysis to synthesis". The basic principle is the development of future science according to Mikhail KOVALCHUK is the compound of the benefits of organic and inorganic forms of life and creation on this basis of biosimilar objects. The scientist formulated his vision of the future of science as a synthesis of four fields: nano-, bio-, information and cognitive technologies.



The first International Scientific Conference "Nanotechnologies of Functional Materials" was held at a high organizational and resultant level and has caused wide public response. There were analyzed and discussed the features of nanostructured state, not only metallic materials, powders and composites, but also a new class of ceramic materials and coatings, including scintillation ceramics and composites. The conference became an important part of her research and education ­programme in the area of nanotechnology.



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