Outcome of the Contest for Space Design

Lander apparatus of the modified spacecraft SoyuzPiloted space flights apparently for quite a long time will remain a kind of overcoming a challenge frontier. And if you're a pioneer is it appropriate for you to think about comfort and aesthetics? Therefore, all space technology is a hymn of functionality. The main in a spacecraft is safety and efficiency!



But probably no one better than astronauts does not know how important a long flight becomes a well thought-out ergonomics and design of certain equipment.



Verified in terms of functionality, but incorrectly compiled in control panel, can complicate the work of the operator. Cockpit equipment which functions perfectly, but is a pile of something like hardly painted iron, is also not conducive to effective performance.



The enterprises of space industry use the state standards, which define the requirements for ergonomics and industrial design. The design offices have the laboratories of ergonomics, assuring that people in manned spacecrafts could live and work more or less comfortable.



However, how to "measure the beauty with algebra"? Traditionally, designers are in charge of the issues of technical aesthetics. There were no these experts in the space industry for a long time.



The patriarch of the national school of extraspaceship activity Oleg Semenovich Tsygankov, having a long-standing ties with the Moscow Academy of art and industry named after Strogonov, once worked with a team of the University on the tools and equipment for ESS. This work continues today.



In the flight test department CCH RSC "Energia", where test-cosmonauts of the Korolev Company are based, the idea arose to expand the range of problems over which the professionals of industrial design could work. They come up with creative competition, wrote provisions of the competition, drew up a list of possible topics. The topics covered a wide range of problems, ranging from organizing working places for astronauts and to the wear of flight crews of space vehicles. Therefore, the contest is called: "Design of the working, domestic and subject environment of manned spacecrafts". We confidently invited people distant from space industry to think on issues, over which we worked a lot, and seemed to have lost the acuteness of perception – "Eyes became dim". Even more surprising and enjoyable for us was to get high quality contest works, both in execution and in substance, based solely on online advice from our side.



The competition began on November 16, 2009, and on June 30, 2010 we have already summed up and held a ceremony of winners awarding. During the analysis of submitted works, we divided them into several main groups: the work ready for rapid implementation; work, containing both technically and technologically realizable ideas, conceptual work.

Dividing in such a way the contest requests, we were able to immediately determine the finalists and to distribute prizes.



First prize went to the team of the design studio "Promgrafika" from Nizhny Novgorod for the work on the upgraded control panel of astronaut of the transport spacecraft "Soyuz-TMA". Studio group led by an experienced specialist in the field of industrial design Igor Hlutchina managed by minimal means to give to the existing equipment of the descend module "Soyuz" common stylistic decision and modern look.



Спускаемый аппарат модифицированного космического корабля The second prize was given to a very interesting job of the graduate of St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University, MMF, Department of "Automatic", Ekaterina Pavlova. Ekaterina suggested to use the cellular structure of light, technological material as the basis for the formation of the interior of the descend module of the transport spacecraft "Soyuz".

This approach allows getting a lot of advantages with minimal changes in the technology of the spacecraft. For example, to give to interior design an aesthetic modern look, provide storage for various supplies and equipment; use the cell as the basis for the means of fixation and as a protection for regular equipment and fixtures of the cabin from accidents.



The third prize award had to be given to three finalists, they were so close to the level. First and foremost I want to note the work of Natalia Poskrebysheva, also a student of St. Petersburg Polytech, MMF, Department "Automatic". Natasha has done a herculean job of creating from zero a three-dimensional model of the Service Module of the ISS RS. She was so immersed in the subject that when at the museum of space technology of "RSC Energia", she came to the base unit of OK MIR, the same type of the service module, Natasha cried, – "That's where I slept for almost three months!".



The main idea of the work of Poskrebysheva was to unite spaces of the space station modules through a system of multi-functional rails, which not only help the astronauts to be fixed in any position, but also create a visual and geometric unity of the space module. Additionally, these railings are made of durable plastic that can under certain conditions, illuminate with light of different colors, indicating the route of motion of the crew in low light or disabled illumination of the compartment.



Valeria Veselova, a young mother and a graduate of the Department of "Automatic" of the St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (p. 16) presented the work of "Installation of artificial gravity". This installation, in fact, is a sports simulator and a means of preventing the impact of weightlessness. In my opinion no one has yet looked at the problem of creating a short-radius centrifuge for long space missions from that perspective.



Another finalist, Sanal Galushkin from St. Petersburg artistic-industrial academy of Stieglitz, introduced the concept of a space station that is different from the standard (p. 18). But more interesting in the work of Sanal were the details. Without knowing it, he prompted us to a number of promising ideas that still await implementation.



When competition results in 2010 were summed up, we got another work, it is impossible not to say about it. A graduate of the same St. Petersburg Polytech, MMF, Department "Automatic", S.V. Kondrashin provided thoughtful and elegant elaboration of the interior of the new manned spacecraft, "Rus". Using only open sources of information about the project, the author presented the material very interesting and useful for further work on the draft of the new ship.



On the part of the contest organizers I would like to sincerely thank the participants and finalists. Our job is not finished. Due to the contest, we were able to find partners for long-term cooperation in industrial design and ergonomics of manned spacecrafts.



Спускаемый аппарат модифицированного космического корабляDescend module of the modified spacecraft "Soyuz"-    


Project of Ekaterina Pavlova

Service module of the ISS RS



The descend module is the only part of the ship, which returns to Earth after the flight. This is a cramped capsule in which the crew of three spends the most time of the flight (longer than 26 hours) and it also comes back to Earth in it.

At the time of reaching the orbit and docking with the ISS the astronauts are fixed in their seats, the rest of time they are moving freely inside the capsule.



The main element of the proposed concept is a three-dimensional cellular structure, which covers the entire inner surface of the descending module. It can be made of different polymers and foams, being resilient; it is able to protect equipment, astronauts (while they are out of seats in conditions of weightlessness) and their valuable equipment from bumps and damages.



On the internal ends of the cells are straps, for which the astronauts can cling with hands or feet (such as the rail) for comfortable movement and fixation inside the capsule.



This structure allows creating a new memorable image without rearrangement of existing elements.



Some cells surround the valuable equipment, some have lights and some are storage tanks for items. There are several types of tanks. This is a hard "glove" compartment, and laced with synthetic material cavity in the cell, which opens at undoing zippers. Lighting is done with two built-in cell lights with adjustable brightness and color.



Service module of the ISS RS -      КАРТИНКА Служебный модуль РС МКС

Project of Natalia Poskrebysheva

The Service Module "Zvezda" is the base of the Russian segment of International Space Station. It assures the work of the crew of up to 6 people and the controls of the station. During the deployment of ISS it was the basic module of the whole station, the main place to live and work of the crew. Structurally, "The Star" consists of four sections: the transition chamber, the working chamber, intermediate chamber and the propulsion compartment. The working compartment designed to accommodate the systems and equipment for the life and work of the crew. Interior panels separate living area from the instrumental one. Accommodations are equipped with the means of life-sustaining activity of the crew. In the area of the small diameter is a central control post of the station with its blocks of controls and emergency and alarm panels. In the area of the large diameter, there are two personal cabins, sanitary compartment with sink and sewer unit, kitchen, working desk with means of fixing, medical equipment, machines for physical exercises and a small airlock to separate waste containers.



Installation of artificial gravity

Project of Valeriy Veselov


In terrestrial conditions the force of gravity influence on the human body, thanks to that the human body is constantly under a certain load. When a man falls for a long time in conditions of weightlessness, the load disappears and the body adjusting to the new environment gets rid of "unnecessary": calcium, phosphorus, sodium and other important elements. The bone structure without the constant load is beginning to crumble. Therefore, it is important to create an artificial load and artificial gravity on the spacecrafts. In this project artificial gravity is created by the use of centrifugal force, whose value is as close to the earth and acts as well as on Earth – from head to feet. Thus, the conditions of human presence in space are close to the earth conditions.



At this setting astronaut can also train the muscles of the legs and arms, using trainers. The touch-screen and audio system, built in the helmet-mask allow simultaneously listen to your favorite music during the workout, watch videos or get on-line transmissions from the Earth. It is possible to use this setup for several hours, and while the skeleton of a man is restored, the person can just relax and setting back of the chair in the lying position. All the units of this setup are easy to configure, so the user can choose the most comfortable position of the chair. In future, such installations will not only maintain the health of astronauts, but also enable them, being in space, to feel same comfortable as "at home".

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