SBbSPU Project and Leading Scientist Awarded Government Grant

An SPbSPU project and Georgy Pavlov have become one of the winners of an open competition for government-funded grants to conduct scientific research at Russian universities in collaboration with leading scientists.

 

On April 9, 2010, the Russian government enacted Resolution No.220 “On Collabo­ration of Leading Scientists with Russian Institutions of Higher Education”. June saw the announcement of the open com­petition for government-funded grants to conduct scientific research at Russian universities in collaboration with leading scientists.

 

Competitors included top Russian and foreign scientists who have leading posi­tions in certain scientific fields (21 scien­tific fields were designated for receipt of government support). 179 Russian uni­versities filed 507 applications, each put together by a scientist and a universi­ty. Universities were allowed to compete in different projects in collaboration with different scientists. 150 million rubles in grants are awarded for conducting scien­tific research from 2010 to 2012; they can be extended by one or two years. Major research objectives include: establishing a research laboratory that conforms to in­ternational standards; obtaining state-of-the-art results; training highly qualified specialists; transferring promising proj­ects into economy.

 

On October 29, 2010, the Grant Com­mittee of the Russian Government an­nounced 40 scientists who had won the “first wave” of the competition.

An SPbSPU Project with Georgy Pavlov in the field of Astronomy and Astrophysics was on the winners’ list.

 

The project focuses on the physics of extraterrestrial objects characterized by extreme energy release. These ob­jects include pulsars and pulsar nebu­lae, sources of the so-called gamma ray bursts, and others.

 

The scientific team working on this proj­ect includes university students and staff members of the special purpose cross-school laboratory for Physics of Extrater­restrial Objects Characterized by Extreme Energy Release, as well as some staff members from several departments at the Physical and Mechanical School (in­cluding Theoretical Physics, Higher Math­ematics, Applied Mathematics) and at the Physical and Technical School (Space Research and Plasma Physics).

 

Expected research includes the pro­cessing of data from observation of the objects (basically, observation data ob­tained from x-ray and gamma ray orbit­al observatories) and the arrangement of new observations including the use of more advanced detectors, theoretical cal­culations, and computer modeling of pro­cesses within these objects.

 

Project lead: Prof G.G. Pavlov, 1967 grad­uate of the Leningrad Polytechnic In­stitute (LPI), department: Experimental Nuclear Physics at the Faculty of Phys­ics and Mechanics. He was a lecturer at LPU up to 1974. In the period from 1967 to 1995, Pavlov worked at the Theoreti­cal Astrophysics Department of the Phys­ical and Mechanical Institute at the AS of the USSR. Since 1992, Pavlov has been a senior scientist and professor at the As­tronomy and Astrophysics School of the University of Pennsylvania (US). Major scientific results obtained in collabora­tion with Pavlov include neutron star at­mosphere modeling, the discovery of the absorption line in the neutron star spec­trum, and research on x-ray pulsar neb­ulae. He is the author and co-author of 270 scientific publications and a member of the International Astronomy Union and NASA Tender Committee.


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